Bertrand Russell: World Government or ‘Extinction of Humanity’
Lord Bertrand Russell (Fabian socialist, Royal Society, peacenik) threatens that without a single global government, human life could be extinguished under the threat of (nuclear) war or return to uncivilized barbarism; yet, without the power of an identifiable external enemy, people are psychologically adverse to unifying under such a one world system.
Ergo, advocates and architects of One World are looking for a compelling enemy to achieve global cohesion and submission to a planetary authority…
Communications have been hitherto the chief factor limiting the size of empires. In antiquity the Persians and the Romans depended upon roads, but since nothing traveled faster than a horse, empires became unmanageable when the distance from the capital to the frontier was very great. This is on the point of disappearing with the improvement of the long-range bomber. There would now be no technical difficulty about a sing world-wide Empire. Since war is likely to become more destructive of human life than it has been in recent centuries, unification under a single government is probably is probably necessary unless we are to acquiesce in either a return to barbarism or the extinction of the human race.”
“There is, it must be confessed, a psychological difficulty about a single world government. The chief source of social cohesion in the past, I repeat, has been war: the passions that inspire a feeling of unity are hate and fear. These depend upon the existence of an enemy, actual or potential. It seems to follow that a world government could only be kept in being by force, not by the spontaneous loyalty that now inspires a nation at war.” (p. 26)